Thursday, February 18, 2021

「水循環データ統融合の展開学」社会連携講座 最終報告会の開催案内

 2017年10月、前身の寄付講座の研究と教育の成果を基盤として、新たな発想のもと水環と水関連分野のデータ統融合を促進する研究開発を推進するために、アジア航測株式会社、株式会社建設技術研究所、日本工営株式会社、株式会社パスコ、株式会社東京建設コンサルタント、八千代エンジニヤリング株式会社のご支援により、社会連携講座「水循環データ統融合の展開学」を設置いたしました。本講座では水循環分野を対象に、我が国が世界に先駆けて開発してきた「地球環境情報プラットホーム(DIAS)」を用いて、気候変動を含めた大規模水害のリスク評価手法の開発と戦略的減災手法の提案、および開発途上国での水災害と貧困問題の軽減に関する研究開発を推進するとともに、参画企業との共同による人材教育プログラムを開発してまいりました。

 本報告会では、DIAS 開発を主導してきた小池俊雄先生に基調講演をしていただくとともに、3 年間の社会連携講座の活動の成果をご報告いたします。

【開催日時】 2021年3月3日(水) 9:30-12:00

【プログラム】(オンライン開催)

9:30- 9:40 開会挨拶
 東京大学 大学院工学系研究科長 染谷 隆夫
 文部科学省 研究開発局 環境科学技術推進官 石川 貴史

9:40- 9:45 記念撮影

9:45-10:10 来賓のご紹介 
 アジア航測株式会社 代表取締役社長 小川 紀一朗
 株式会社建設技術研究所 執行役員 東京本社副本社長 天野 光歩
 株式会社東京建設コンサルタント 常務執行役員 岡井 春樹
 日本工営株式会社 代表取締役会長 高野 登
 株式会社パスコ 代表取締役社長 島村 秀樹
 八千代エンジニヤリング株式会社 常務執行役員 妹尾 嘉之

10:10-10:35 基調講演「気候変動下においてレジリエントで持続可能な社会の構築 ー『知の統合』:社会のための科学の実践ー 」
 土木研究所 水災害・リスクマネジメント国際センター センター長 小池 俊雄

10:35 -11:40 社会連携講座活動報告
 「社会連携講座の教育・研究活動等の概要と成果」
   東京大学 大学院工学系研究科 教授 池内 幸司
 「途上国での水災害と貧困に関する研究とシステム開発」
    東京大学 大学院工学系研究科 特任教授 川崎 昭如
 「水循環分野における気候変動予測情報の活用と展開」
   東京大学 大学院工学系研究科 特任講師 渡部 哲史

11:40-11:55 質疑応答

11:55-12:00 閉会挨拶
  東京大学 大学院工学系研究科 社会基盤学専攻長 田島 芳満

 

参加希望の方は、以下のURLにてご登録をお願いします。接続先については後日ご案内申し上げます。

 

奮ってご参加ください!


「水循環データ統融合展開学」社会連携講座_最終報告会のご案内_v1.1

Friday, August 21, 2020

2020年度の活動@オンライン

川崎です。4ヶ月半ぶりの投稿です。

本ブログには毎年30〜45(最多は2016年の66)の投稿がありますが、今年はCOVID-19の影響で3月以降に現地調査が出来なくなったため、投稿が完全に止まっています。しかしながら、グループでの研究活動はオンラインでの定期ゼミを中心に、粛々と進めています。

9月には、ウズベキスタンとスリランカからの留学生が修士課程を、パキスタンからの留学生が博士課程を修了します。

「現場での観察と体感」「現地の人との対話」を最重視している川崎グループとしては、現在はひたすら我慢の時ですが、今だからこそ出来ることを大事にしながら、前に進んで行きたいと思います!




Friday, April 3, 2020

川崎グループ研究活動の概要

川崎グループの研究活動の概要に関するリンクをまとめてみました。当グループへの配属に関心がある方は目を通していただけると良いかと思います。

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研究紹介記事
 川崎グループの研究がSDGsに貢献する研究として東京大学未来社会協創推進本部(FSI)のウェブサイトに掲載されています。

 ・あふれるばかりの水と、愛
 ・途上国での災害と貧困の関連性分析
 ・水をめぐるアジア史を、空間解析から読み解いていく
 ・デルタ危機と水害レジリエンス:自然環境、インフラ、社会経済構造の多次元分析モデルの探求

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プロモーション・ビデオ
 現役学生が制作してくれました。どうぞご笑覧ください。

 ・川崎グループPV

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川崎グループが目指すもの
 当グループの学術研究的および教育的ミッション的なものを文章にまとめてみました(PDFファイル)。かなり理想も入っています。漠然とした話ですみません。1年以上も前に書いたものですが、当グループに興味のある方は一度目を通してもらえればと思います。

 ・川崎グループの学術研究的・教育的使命

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研究を進める上での基本方針
 2018年3月に書いた以下のブログ記事に基本方針を書きましたので、こちらもお目通しください。

 ・川崎Gこれまでの成果

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これまでの研究とその成果

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必要であれば、Zoomなどで個別相談にも応じます。
よろしくお願いいたします。
川崎
kawasaki(あっと)hydra.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp




2019年度の研究成果

2019年度の川崎グループの研究成果をまとめてました。青字が所属する学生や研究員のお名前です。優秀かつ勤勉な学生や研究員と一緒に研究ができて、とても刺激的な毎日で、ありがたい限りです!

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卒業論文
齋藤悠宇 中国⻑江における⽔運インフラの発展に対する CMCS の役割

修士論文
下村菜摘 頻発する洪水による格差拡大過程の実証:都市化による貧困の悪循環の深刻化に関するケーススタディ

山上千波 洪水リスク減少に伴う生計向上モデルの構築:洪水対策の便益評価への統合に関するミャンマーでのケーススタディ

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査読付き学術論文(17編)
1)     Kawasaki, A., Kawamura, G., Win, W.Z. (2020) A local level relationship between floods and poverty: A case in Myanmar. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 42, 101348.  doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101348
2)   Yonehara, S., Kawasaki, A. (2020) Assessment of the tidal effect on flood inundation in a low-lying river basin under composite future scenarios. Journal of Flood Risk Management. 2020;e312606. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfr3.12606
3) Silva, M.D., Kawasaki, A. (2020) A local-scale analysis to understand differences in socioeconomic factors affecting economic loss due to floods among different communities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 47, 101526.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101526
4)   Komori, D., Kawasaki, A., Sakai, N., Shimomura, N., Harada, A., Okuda, K., Chit, B.B.W., Thu, A.M., Htun, K.Y., Toe, W., Win, W.Z., (2020) Characteristic of the 2018 Bago River flood of Myanmar. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 256-266.
5)     Thin, K.K., Win, W.Z., San, Z.M.L.T., Kawasaki, A.Moiz, A.Bhagabati, S.S. (2020) Estimation of run-of-river hydropower potential in Myitnge River Basin. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 267-276.
6)   Acierto, R.A., Kawasaki, A., Win, W.Z., Aung, T.O., Khon, R., Komori, D. (2020) Impact of bias-correction methods in assessing the potential flood frequency change in Bago River. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 288-299.
7)   Win, S., Win, W.Z., Kawasaki, A., San, Z.M.L.T. (2020) Development of flood damage estimation model for agriculture – Case study in the Bago floodplain, Myanmar. Journal of Disaster Research15(3), 242-255.
8)   Myo, H.T., Win, W.Z.,  Shwe, K.P., San, Z.M.L.T., Kawasaki, A., Acierto, R.A. (2020) Projecting Rainfall, Temperature and Impact of Climate Change on Discharge of the Bago River Basin, Ayeyarwady Delta. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 324-334.
9)     Win, W.Z., Kawasaki, A., Hörmann, G., Acierto, R.A., San, Z.M.L.T., Thu, A.Y. (2020) Multivariate flood loss estimation of 2018 Bago Flood in Myanmar. Journal of Disaster Research15(3), 300-311.
10) San, Z.M.L.T., Win, W.Z., Kawasaki, A., Acierto, R.A., Oo, T.Z. (2020) Developing Flood Inundation Map using RRI and SOBEK models: A Case Study of the Bago River Basin, Myanmar. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 277-287.
11)  Kodaka, A., Shirai, N., Bhagabati, S., Kohtake, N., Kawasaki, A., Acierto, R.A., Win, W.Z. (2020) Requirement elicitation for data visualization to decision making support for water resource management in Bago River Basin, Myanmar. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 312-323.
12)  Shimozono, T., Tajima, Y., Akamatsu, S., Matsuba, Y., Kawasaki, A. (2019) Large-Scale Channel Migration in the Sittang River Estuary. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 9862. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46300-x
13)  Pandey, B.K., Khare, D., Kawasaki, A., Mishra, P.K. (2019) Climate change impact assessment on blue and green water by coupling of representative CMIP5 climate models with physical based hydrological model. 33(1), 141–158. Water Resources Management, doi.org/10.1007/s11269-018-2093-3
14)   Maung, S.W., San, Z.M.L.T., Win, W.Z., Kawasaki, A., Kyu Kyu Thin (2020) Application and flood discharge analysis with hydrological model (WEB-DHM) in Bago River Basin. J Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 344-352. [Note]
15) Bhagabati, S.S., Kawasaki, A., Takeuchi, W., Win, W.Z. (2020) Improving river bathymetry and topography of a low-lying flat river watershed by integrating different data from multiple sources. Journal of Disaster Research, 15(3), 335-343. [Survey Report]
16)    奥田康平, 川崎昭如, 濱口竜平 2019 衛星画像と世帯調査データを用いた建物ごとの収入レベルの推定. GIS-理論と応用, 27(2), 9-18.
17)     田平由希子, 川崎昭如 2019)タイ王国都市部における集合住宅の洪水対策についての考察.地域安全学会論文集, 34, 11-18.
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Short movies of our research activities in Myanmar

Introductory short films of research activities of Kawasaki Groups in Myanmar .  These films were created by Mr. Shin Yonehara (former grad student) and Mr. Katsuya Nishihara (current 2nd year Master's course student).


Kawasaki Group 2019 @ Myanmar
Created by Mr. Katsuya Nishihara.


Kawasaki Group 2018 @ Myanmar
Created by Mr. Shin Yonehara.


Kawasaki Group 2017 @ Myanmar
Created by Mr. Shin Yonehara.


川崎グループPV

川崎グループの研究活動を紹介する動画を、大学院生の米原慎さん(当時)と西原克哉さん(現M2)に作ってもらいました!どうぞご笑覧ください。

2019 ミャンマー編
撮影・編集:西原克哉



2018 ミャンマー編
撮影・編集:米原慎



2017 ミャンマー編
撮影・編集:米原慎



Tuesday, March 17, 2020

A Visit to Myanmar (February 5th – March 5th, 2020)


Name – Nyi Linn Maung
Grade – M1 student  in Kawasaki Research Group, The University of Tokyo

During my stay in Myanmar for both of my research and meetings with different departments of Myanmar government, it was a great time for me as of having a chance to meet with my family and get to know current relationships and future collaborations between the two nations. As I am originally from Myanmar, I wanted to go back to my family during holidays of my coursework for master’s degree. Fortunately, Kawasaki Sensei told me that it would be great if you also conducted preliminary survey for your research during your stay in Myanmar and join them for meetings. For the first of two weeks of my stay in Myanmar, I had a great time with my family and I went to libraries and departments to collect data which will be necessary for my research. After being apart with my family for five months after I had left them for Tokyo, I spent a great time with them: going shopping, short trips, having meals together. Also, I conducted preliminary survey to collect data such as censuses, maps, reports and articles from libraries and departments. According to our schedule, I had two weeks before Kawasaki Sensei came to Myanmar; this opportunity had been a great chance for me and valuable for me. Moreover, I also had to know researchers and teachers from geography, and history departments of Yangon University for further collaborations and help. In this sense, my trip to Myanmar has been in a great help for me and for my research.

Meetings and Workshop
After Kawasaki and his group joined me, our group first had dinner together to discuss the travelling schedule to Nay Pyi Taw, Bago the following days. On 26th February, we left for Nay Pyi Taw in the early morning by flight to meet DG and DDG from IWUMD of Myanmar to show appreciation and gave presentation of the results of the SATREPS project. In this sense, Kawasaki sensei presented the results and benefits for utilizing the system for Bago River Flood Reduction Plan and gave speech to appreciate the strong relationship between the concerned organizations over five years-project. At this time, the results were shown in modernized manner for which it has been upgraded from the comments received from previous meeting in 2019. Three presentations were made in total. The first one is to show the results from the project between SATREPS, JICA, UTOKYO and YTU collaboration about the analysis of Near Real Time Inundation system in Bago River Basin. The main reason for our trip to departments is to show appreciation for the continuous support and collaboration of Myanmar governments. In addition to this, Kawasaki sensei and counterparts of Myanmar government discussed for further collaboration between Japan and Myanmar. All things went very well, and I had a great time to have met officials and seen great relationships between Japan and Myanmar. For having great relationships with such a developed country, Japan, it would be much benefitting for my country, Myanmar, which is only in a transition state for building the country. Also, to my knowledge, Myanmar is one of the countries on the top list of which will be severely affected from climate change in the near future, and we still lack sufficient countermeasures to tackle the coming monstrous disasters, which is why I thought it is requisite to attain assistance from every angle we can get. In this sense, I would like to thank Japan and Kawasaki sensei for having interest to implement disaster risk reduction projects in Myanmar.


Now, I would like to say a brief explanation for our presentations which had been recently undertaken under the supervision of Kawasaki sensei in Bago region of Myanmar. Kawasaki sensei and Dr. Badri from our River and Environmental Laboratory presented three presentations. The first presentation is the Near Real Time Inundation analysis system in Bago River system. In this presentation the main points that I would like to extract are how was Near Real Time System in Bago River developed – integrating satellite data, in-situ rainfall data, the system is mainly constructed using DIAS, near real time inundation system can be utilized to monitor the flooding conditions along the Bago River Basin from telemetry observations and flood inundation simulation, and we can improve the disaster mitigation plan from this system as a useful tool for implementing effective decisions on recovery plans. The second presentation is mainly about the features of Zaung Tu Dam to bring about the comprehensive disaster resilient system and the climate data and different instruments were installed for monitoring the dam conditions, and to evaluate the effectiveness of Zaung Tu Dam Operation for Flood Control from the two variables such as household and assets damage and agricultural damage. The Third Presentation is mainly for Modeling Livelihood Transition induced by Flood Risk Reduction by mentioning to promote the livelihood conditions in Myanmar by using improved safety and reduced risk perception and how the results were modeled from the inputs such as scenario, FRM and responsiveness and the model for hazard and impact was established and benefits from such approach analysis were depicted.


On the next day, we went to Bago for Workshop: Flood Risk Reduction Plan for Socioeconomic Development at Bago and we met the representatives from different departments for discussing the current problems and insights for reducing the flood risks in Bago and future collaboration between JICA, SATREPS, UTOKYO and YTU. In this sense, the representatives from both parties presented their current problems and how they can overcome these mentioned troubles with the help from academic field. For the UTOKYO Part, the same presentations were presented while Myanmar Government counterparts presented about the Zaung Tu project. In the afternoon, our group went for a courtesy call to Bago Regional Government for future collaboration between the organizations and presented the results.



Moreover, I had a valuable opportunity to go a site visit to informal settlements in Yangon on the following day. On this day, Kawasaki sensei unfortunately cannot join me as he had to attend the meeting at YTU. Nonetheless, this field trip had provided me with valuable hints on my research for the development of City which would have some effects on the poor people in Yangon. I went to three informal wards in Hlaing Thar Yar Township for investigating their current conditions and their current status on living in such informal areas. In this sense, as I do not have any approval documents for interviewing, I have only conducted only preliminary survey as when did they move to and why did they move as main concerns. On the next day, I conducted preliminary survey in the morning and we went to DWRR and Kawasaki sensei presented the same presentations as in the earlier days and discussed about the future collaboration between the parties. In the morning, after our professor has returned to Japan, we still have time so that we can go around Yangon in order to show some tourist visit site to my friend, Bhanu Prasad and Dr. Badri. For Bhanu, this is the first time visit to Myanmar, so I took him to tourist visit sites in Myanmar.